HKBU invites distinguished speakers Professor Oliver Wilhelm (5th from left) and Professor Patrick Kyllonen (4th from left) to share their insights towards creativity


浸大邀請傑出學者Oliver Wilhelm教授(左五)和Patrick Kyllonen教授 (左四)分享創意的研究

International scientists and scholars gather at HKBU for academic exchange


多國學者聚集浸大分享交流

Date: 15 Aug 2017 (Tuesday)

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International scholars speak on creativity at HKBU’s public lecture

浸大邀國際學者主講創意

The HKBU Department of Physics and Institute of Creativity joined the collaborators from Germany to organise a public lecture entitled “Promoting creativity measurement at the level of brain and behavior” on 31 July. Distinguished speakers, Professor Oliver Wilhelm of the Department of Psychological and Pedagogy of the Ulm University, Germany, and Professor Patrick C Kyllonen, Distinguished Presidential Appointee of the Educational Testing Service, Princeton, USA shared their insights into the nature and the scientific definition of creativity, its measurement and the available research on the interventions’ success to enhance creativity by training.

Professor Wilhelm used the quote by renowned painter Pablo Picasso “Learn the rules like a pro, so you can break them like an artist” as the title of his sharing. He said that prior knowledge, cognitive capacity and retrieval abilities are necessary prerequisites of creativity, which further benefits from unusual mental combinations and involves producing multiple different responses based on the information made available by knowledge. Thus, creativity rests upon generating associative nets by which it alters the shape of information into unexpected forms. Withal, the novelty and usefulness of the response are essential aspects of evaluating the creativity of a cognitive outcome.

Professor Kyllonen shared on “idea generation is the essence of creativity”. He examined and discussed ways how scientific institutions like the Educational Testing Service in the USA can monitor to what degree schools are doing to simulate students’ creativity. He said that hundred years of psychometric research suggests that creativity is best measured with idea generation tests, which involve generating multiple ideas, hypotheses, or solutions to problems. He also reviewed a series of studies conducted at the Educational Testing Service, the leading Institution of assessing academic achievement in the USA. These studies provided evidence for the value of creativity measures in predicting success in secondary and post-secondary education as well as in the workplace.

HKBU Department of Physics Associate Professor Dr Zhou Changsong, who is one of the organisers of this lecture, said that the speakers clarified many concepts about the definition and measurement of creativity and its relationship to other human cognitive abilities and provided encouraging scientific evidence that it is feasible to stimulate creativity through training.

The overseas collaborators included Professor Andrea Hildebrandt, Department of Psychology of the Greifswald University, and Professor Werner Sommer, Department of Psychology of the Humboldt University, Berlin.

In addition, the group held the Germany-Hong Kong joint interdisciplinary scientific workshop on brain signal variability from 31 July to 2 August. In the workshop, more than 25 young scientists and scholars from Germany, Japan, USA, Mainland China and Hong Kong, presented their research about complex brain signals, their genetic determinants and relevance for cognition and creativity.

The lecture is sponsored by the Hung Hin Shiu Charitable Foundation.

浸大物理系、創意研究院與德國的合作團隊,於7月31日舉辦「Promoting creativity measurement at the level of brain and behavior」的公開講座。德國烏爾姆大學心理學教育系Oliver Wilhelm教授和美國普林斯頓教育考試服務中心Patrick C Kyllonen教授,分享他們對創意的性質和科學定義的看法、創意的量度方法,以及討論透過訓練提升創造力的現有研究。

Wilhelm教授的分享引用了著名畫家畢加索的名言「Learn the rules like a pro, so you can break them like an artist」。Wilhelm教授表示,已有的知識、認知力和迴想能力是創意的先決條件,並可透過獨特的思想和就已有知識作出多方面的迴想而加強。因此,建立聯想網而獲得超出常規的資訊可達致創意。同時,反應的新穎性和實用性是評估認知結果的創新程度的關鍵因素。

Kyllonen教授分享「idea generation is the essence of creativity」。他討論科學機構如美國普林斯頓教育考試服務中心,如何監測學校激發學生創意的程度。他說,近百年來的心理研究顯示,概念產生的測試是量度創意的最佳方法,包括多樣性的概念、假設和解決方法。他回顧由美國教育考試服務中心進行的多項評估美國學術成就的研究,證實了量度創意對評估在高中、大專教育和職場上的成功具有價值。

合辦講座的浸大物理系副教授周昌松博士表示,上述的分享有助澄清創意的定義、量度創意的方法和與人類認知能力的關係,並提供了有力的科學證據,證明通過訓練可提升創意。

德國的合作人員包括格賴夫斯瓦爾德大學心理系Andrea Hildebrandt教授和柏林洪堡大學心理系Werner Sommer教授。

此外,他們又在7月31日至8月2日舉辦了有關大腦訊號變化的德國-香港跨學科研討會,超過25位來自德國、日本、美國、中國大陸和香港的青年科學家和學者,報告有關於大腦訊號、其基因決定因素和它們與認知和創新能力相關的研究。

講座由孔憲紹慈善基金贊助。